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hearing loss


Hearing loss

Hearing loss is the inability to hear. The severity of a hearing loss might range from slight, mild, moderate, severe, or profound. It makes it difficult to hear conversational speech or loud sounds and can affect one or both ears.

Hearing loss can happen at stages of life. From congenital hearing loss to age-related hearing loss. Your quality of life may be significantly impacted by hearing loss. Anxiety and depression are sometimes reported by older persons with hearing loss. Some people feel alone because hearing loss can make conversation challenging. The decline and impairment of cognitive function are both correlated with hearing loss.

Risk factors

- Aging: Structures in the inner ear degenerate over time.

- loud sound: Your inner ear & cells can become damaged if you are exposed to loud noises,

- Heredity: Your ancestry may predispose you to hearing loss due to aging or noise-induced damage.

- Recreational noises: Other leisure pursuits with potentially lethal noise levels include biking, carpentry, and loud music listening.

-Some medications:  The inner ear can be harmed by medications including the antibiotic gentamicin, sildenafil (Viagra), and several chemotherapy treatments.

Types of hearing loss

● Conductive hearing loss: Hearing loss brought on by something that blocks the outer or middle ear from receiving sound. Medications or surgery are frequently used to treat this type of hearing loss.

● Sensorineural hearing loss: Hearing loss that happens when the inner ear or hearing nerve are damaged.

● Mixed hearing loss: includes both sensorineural and conductive hearing loss

● Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder: Hearing loss is the inability of sound to be structured in a way that the brain can interpret despite sound entering the ear normally due to injury to the inner ear or the hearing nerve.

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